Glimmr Canvas-Based Drawing

version 2/101030 by Erik Temple

  • Home page
  • Beginning
  • Previous
  • Next



  • Section: Primitives

    A primitive element is a simple shape that is generally intended to be used in concert with other shapes and images to build up a composition; for example, rectangles and lines. The meaning of a graphics primitive is somewhat stretched here, since the only primitive actually provided by Glulx is a simple rectangle, whereas all of the other "primitives" provided by Glimmr Canvas-Based Drawing are in fact built up out of rectangles. The most intensive of these, the line primitive, can be made up of many, many rectangles and may be quite slow to draw. The primitives included with GCBD are:

        Rectangle primitive - A simple rectangle of color.

        Box primitive - An "empty" rectangle defined by a surrounding line of variable thickness.

        Stroked rectangle primitive - A rectangle of color surrounded by a line of another color. Basically, a rectangle primitive with a box primitive drawn around it. (Not really a "primitive", then, but the algorithm used draws this faster than using the two primitives, so it makes sense to provide it.)

        Line primitive - A straight line drawn between any two points. Horizontal and vertical lines will be the fastest to draw. Diagonal lines, especially long lines or lines approaching a 45 degree angle, can be much slower.

        Point primitive - A rectangle whose size is defined by its line-weight.

    Primitives have an origin, as do all g-elements, and they also have a second coordinate pair, the "endpoint". For most primitives, the origin describes the upper left corner, while the endpoint describes the lower right corner. The line primitive, however, is freer--the two points can in fact have any relationship. Because the size of primitive elements is defined by two points on the canvas, they cannot be scaled at the element level in the same way as sprite elements can (they will, of course, scale along with the canvas).

    Four primitives--the box, line, and stroked rectangle primitives--have a "line-weight" property that defines the thickness of the lines that make them up. This is the only property of primitives that responds to scaling. The response is coarse, however, because line-weight is measured in pixels. Fractional pixel measurements are not possible, and are rounded to the nearest integer. For example, if you define a line-weight of 2 pixels, the line will appear as two pixels wide when the canvas is scaled down to 75% of full size, but will appear as 1 pixel when scaled to 74% or less.

    The color of a primitive is specified using the "tint" property. This is a glulx color value (see the Glulx Text Effects extension). Some primitives (the stroked rectangle) also have a "background tint" property that supplies a second color value, in this case the color of the "stroke" that surrounds the central fill of the rectangle.